In this chapter, the reader is offered glimpses into Jennifer’s mathematics classroom. We see that the students are constructing their own Koch snowflake and identifying interesting patterns that they observe throughout this process. The student examples given in the text are all unique, but also share something in common: each child can write what they are observing using **mathematical language and symbols**. They start by finding a pattern-some choose sides, others shapes, and others corners. Then, the students describe what is happening to their pattern as more layers are added. Finally, the students revisit their snowflakes later in the year and express snowflake growth with use of symbols and knowledge of number operations.

The idea of guided exploration really appeals to me. The students were all given the same task (observe a pattern and write down what was happening to that pattern), but were allowed to come up with different patterns (corners, triangles, sides) that they could express using mathematical language and symbols. This allows for **creative** thinking to emerge, and at the same time, gives the teacher an idea of where each student’s mathematical understanding lies. Furthermore, confidence in mathematical abilities increases due to the exploratory nature of this activity: each student was able to express their pattern in a number of ways, and prove their pattern using language and numbers.

I think it is important to remember that math can be fun and **meaningful** at the same time! I am sure Jennifer’s students had a great time looking through a magnifying glass to count out their pattern, then making predictions about their pattern’s growth (SCIENCE!) By intertwining mathematics to other subject areas, we are reinforcing this idea that math is everywhere, and we need to embrace it.